"I am" sayings of Jesus reflected in two disciples walking to Emmaus

Jesus Christ's seven unique "I am" metaphorical statements about himself in the Gospel of John have corresponding details in the circumstances of two disciples walking to Emmaus as recorded in the Gospel of Luke.

Therefore, this story forms a menorah structure. See Menorah.

Walk to Emmaus

Two Disciples Walk to Emmaus in the Gospel of Luke

Women from Galilee, who had been with Joseph of Arimathaea when he had wrapped the body of Jesus and laid it in the tomb, prepared spices and ointments. After resting on the Sabbath day, they returned to the tomb to find that the stone in front of it had been rolled away, and the body of Jesus was not there. Two men in shining garments told them that Christ had risen on the third day, as he said. The women told these things to the disciples, who did not believe them. However, Peter and another disciple ran to the tomb to see for themselves, and found it just as the women had said, but did not see Jesus.

That same day, two disciples went to a village called Emmaus, which was sixty furlongs (about seven miles) from Jerusalem. As they went, they discussed all the things which had happened, and Jesus himself drew near them, but they did not recognize him. [In Greek, same as "Their eyes were kept from knowing him"].

He asked them what they were talking about, and one of them, Cleopas, asked him if he was just a visitor to Jerusalem who didn't know about the things which had happened. They explained how Jesus of Nazareth, a prophet mighty in word and deed, had been condemned to death and crucified, and it was now the third day since this had happened. Certain women had reported that his body wasn't there, and that angels had said that he was alive.

Then Jesus rebuked them for their unbelief, and explained that the Christ had to suffer and to enter into his glory. Beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he explained what the scriptures said about him.

When they reached Emmaus, Jesus acted as if he was going to go further, but they invited him in, since it was almost evening, so he stayed with them. As they ate a meal, he took bread, blessed it, broke it, and gave it to them. Suddenly, they recognized him [ In Greek, same as "Their eyes were opened"]., and he vanished out of their sight.

Then they said one to another, "Did not our hearts burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?" And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them, saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon." And they told what things were done in the way, and how they recognized him in the breaking of the bread.

Then Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and said to them, "Peace be unto you." They were terrified, and thought he was a spirit, but he showed them his hands and feet, and ate a piece of broiled fish, and some honey to prove that he had flesh and bones, and wasn't just a spirit.

Then they understood the scriptures, that Christ was to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day, and that they should preach in his name among all nations. He said he would send the promise of his Father upon them. Later, he led them out as far as Bethany, and ascended into heaven as they watched. They returned to Jerusalem with great joy.


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Seven "I am" metaphorical statements of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of John:

  1. He_is_Risen"I am the bread of life." John 6:35, 41, 48-51
  2. "I am the light of the world." John 8:12, 9:5
  3. "I am the door of the sheep." John 10:7, 9
  4. "I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." John 10:11, 14
  5. "I am the resurrection, and the life." John 11:25
  6. "I am the way, the truth, and the life." John 14:6
  7. "I am the true vine." John 15:1, 5

Eighth "I am" statement of Jesus if "I am" with no object is included:

It is I; be not afraid [In Greek, same as "I am; be not afraid"]. John 6:16-21


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Corresponding details in the circumstances of Two Disciples Walking to Emmaus:

  1. Jesus_LivesJesus took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and gave it to them. Luke 24:30-31
  2. As Jesus broke the bread, their "eyes were opened" (they recognized him). Luke 24:15-16,28-31
  3. Jesus started to go past the door where the disciples were staying, then entered in. Luke 24:28-29
  4. When the two disciples reach Jerusalem, they join the other disciples in the upper room. Then, while the doors are shut, Jesus suddenly appears in their midst, having entered, "some other way." He had previously said that he was the good shepherd, and that the shepherd enters the sheepfold through the gate, but that a thief gets in "some other way." Switching roles with a thief confirms that Jesus is the good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep. This is all explained on the Good Shepherd page. Compare with Judah offering to take Benjamin's place when Benjamin is accused of stealing the silver cup. Genesis 43-44, Mark 16:9-14, Luke 24:32-35, John 10:1-18, John 20:1-31
  5. The walk to Emmaus occurs on the same day that Jesus rose from the dead, and the disciples are all talking about his resurrection. Luke 24:1-49
  6. The two disciples tell the other disciples that while they were on their way to Emmaus, they began to understand the truth, that Jesus was alive. Luke 24:32-36
  7. The believers are "abiding in the vine" (all gathered together in the upper room) and Jesus' message "abides" with them. Compare with John 15. Luke 24:33-49, John 15:1-7

Eighth detail in the circumstances of two disciples walking to Emmaus if "I am" with no object is included:

The disciples are terrified, but Jesus suddenly appears where the believers are gathered together, and calms their fears. Luke 24:33-49


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